Thanks to the combined effort of about 800 researchers, taking advantage of complex sequencing strategies and biostatistical analysis, it was possible to compile a map of our symbionts.
The first phase of the project ended in 2014 leading to the creation of the reference database for all the sequences of the human microbiome. Moreover, it shed light on several aspects which point out the importance of the microbiome for human life and health, such as the following:
Currently under way, the second step of the project aims to create a complete and integrated characterization of human microbiome, with focus on understanding the presence of microbiota in health and sickness conditions, especially focusing on three cohort studies:
The latter theme is of shared interest with the research activities of Probionova. From HMP we know that differences in the gut microbiome have been found between diabetic and healthy individuals, and direct alteration of the microbiome in mice proved able to reduce glucose level..
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